11th European Conference on Turbomachinery Fluid dynamics & Thermodynamics

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E. Lutum - MTU Aero Engines AG, Germany
F. Cottier - MTU Aero Engines AG, Germany
M. E. Crawford - Siemens Energy, Inc., USA
B. Laveau - Laboratory for Energy Conversion, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
R. S. Abhari - Laboratory for Energy Conversion, ETH Zurich, Switzerland


A numerical investigation of the effect of stochastic surface roughness on vane endwall heat transfer was conducted. The effect of equivalent sand grain roughness height was explored and compared with available experimental data. Steady-state computations using ANSYS CFX 14.0 in conjunction with the shear stress transport turbulence model were performed. Computations were conducted for fully turbulent flow conditions, since this best reproduces the conditions for the corresponding measurements. Roughness measurements were conducted at different locations along the vane passage. Exploration of these measurements indicated roughness Reynolds number values from the transitional and fully rough regime. The roughness model supplied in CFX was applied to explore the impact of surface roughness on heat transfer. Numerical heat transfer results in the vane passage were determined from a set of computations at the same operating point consisting of an adiabatic and a heat flux calculation. Calculations were conducted with a systematic variation of equivalent sand grain roughness heights and compared with experimental data. Results are presented for smooth and rough wall calculations at two different flow conditions.

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