12th European Conference on Turbomachinery Fluid dynamics & Thermodynamics
In this study a strategy for a 3D optimisation of the exhaust of a low pressure (LP) steam turbine is presented. The ﬂow domain utilized consists of both the last stage and the exhaust diffuser. The optimisation is done with the help of a hybrid surrogate model for the diffuser ﬂow. In the ﬁrst part of the paper a numerical model and its validation is presented, which allows for a precise simulation of the diffuser ﬂow including the actual 3D geometry. The second part describes the optimisation procedure and the necessary simpliﬁcations applied to this model in order to get a numerical setup that is fast enough to actually perform a design study with roughly 200 design variants within a feasible time. This model is used afterwards to create a surrogate model. Based on this meta model an optimisation is carried out and ﬁnally scrutinzed with a ﬂow simulation of the whole exhaust hood.