13th European Conference on Turbomachinery Fluid dynamics & Thermodynamics

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Alex Yeung - Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge
Nagabhushana Rao Vadlamani - Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
Tom Hynes - Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge


This paper studies the computational modelling of the flow separation over the engine nacelle lips under the off-design condition of significant crosswind. A numerical framework is set up to reproduce the general flow characteristics under crosswinds with increasing engine mass flow rate, which include: low speed separation, attached flow and high speed shock-induced separation. A quasi-3D (Q3D) duct extraction method from the full 3D (F3D) simulations has been developed. Results obtained from the Q3D simulations are shown to largely reproduce the trends observed (Isentropic Mach number variations and high-speed separation behaviour) in the 3D intake, substantially reducing the computational cost by a factor of 50. The agreement between the F3D and Q3D simulations is encouraging when the flow either fully attached or with modest levels of separation, but degrades when the flow fully detaches. Results are shown to deviate beyond this limit, since the captured streamtube shape (and hence the corresponding Q3D duct shape) changes with the mass flow rate. Interestingly, the drooped intake investigated in the current study is prone to earlier separation under crosswinds when compared to an axisymmetric intake. Implications of these results on the industrial nacelle lip design is also discussed.KEYWORDS: CROSSWIND, NACELLE, SHOCK, BOUNDARY LAYER, QUASI 3D DESIGN 

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