13th European Conference on Turbomachinery Fluid dynamics & Thermodynamics
This paper presents an innovative design for reducing the impact of secondary flows on the aerodynamics of low-pressure turbine (LPT) stages. Starting from a state-of-the-art LPT stage, a local reshaping of the stator blade was introduced in the end-wall region in order to oppose the flow turning deviation. This resulted in an optimal stator shape, able to provide a more uniform exit flow angle. The detailed comparison between the baseline stator and the redesigned one allowed to point out that the rotor row performance increased thanks to the more uniform inlet flow, while the stator losses were not significantly affected. Moreover, it was possible to derive some design rules and to devise a general blade shape, named ‘snaked’, able to ensure such results. This generalization translated in an effective parametric description of the ‘snaked’ shape, in which few parameters are sufficient to describe the optimal shape modification starting from a conventional design. The “snaked” blade concept and its design have been patented by Avio Aero (2016). The stator redesign was then applied to a whole LPT module in order to evaluate the potential benefit of the ‘snaked’ design on the overall turbine performance. Finally, the design was validated by means of an experimental campaign concerning the stator blade. The span-wise distributions of the flow angle and pressure loss coefficient at the stator exit proved the effectiveness of the redesign in providing a more uniform flow to the successive row, while preserving the original stator losses.