13th European Conference on Turbomachinery Fluid dynamics & Thermodynamics
With recent trends in the design of civil engines with shorter inlet ducts, or boundary layer ingesting engines, reliable modelling of fan/distortion interactions and prediction of the safe operating range is becoming increasingly important. The aim of the current research is to study the stall and recovery behavior of a transonic fan stage with and without inlet distortion. For this purpose, simulations of the stall and recovery process of NASA stage 67 are performed with clean and distorted inflow conditions. The rotor is pushed into stall by closing the exit nozzle. It is shown that in both cases, stall is initiated by a spike but the subsequent development of the stall differs. In the stable rotating stall both cases contain one stall cell travelling at 63% speed. During the recovery process, when the exit nozzle is opened, the size of this stall cell gradually reduces as the mass flow increases. Although the fan stalls at a larger mass flow with inlet distortion, it recovers to a similar corrected mass flow as the clean inflow, which indicates that inlet distortion has minor effects on the recovery process for this blade.