14th European Conference on Turbomachinery Fluid dynamics & Thermodynamics
Heat Transfer & Cooling
The High Pressure Turbine Nozzle Guide Vane of a modern aeroengine experiences large heat loads and thus requires both highly effective internal and external cooling. This can be accomplished with Double-Wall Effusion Cooling, which combines impingement, pin-fin and effusion cooling. The combination of three cooling mechanisms causes high pressure losses, increasing potential for the migration of coolant towards low pressure regions, subsequently starving effusion holes on the Leading Edge of coolant supply. This paper presents a Low Order Flow Network Model to rapidly assess the pressure and mass flow distributions through such cooling schemes for a flexible set of geometric and flow conditions. The model is subsequently validated by a series of experiments with varying mainstream pressure gradients. Results from the model are used to indicate design parameters to reduce the effect of coolant migration, and to minimise the risk of destructive hot gas ingestion.