15th European Conference on Turbomachinery Fluid dynamics & Thermodynamics

Paper ID:


Main Topic:

Steam Turbines



Volodymyr Tsymbalyuk - University of West Bohemia, Czech Republic
Petr Eret - University of West Bohemia, Czech Republic
Vaclav Slama* - Doosan Skoda Power, Czech Republic
Bartolomej Rudas - Doosan Skoda Power, Czech Republic
Ales Macalka - NUM solution, Czech Republic
Tomas Peterka - NUM solution, Czech Republic
Jiri Ira - NUM solution, Czech Republic


Modern efficient and robust steam turbines must be designed for large operating ranges and run at off-design conditions and high backpressures. Therefore, there is a danger that in some operating conditions, last-stage rotor blades can suffer from self-excited vibration (flutter), leading to severe failures of rotor blades or turbine units. In order to avoid this, the design of aerodynamically stable last stage rotor blades became a major topic for all steam turbine manufacturers and a validated numerical model for flutter prediction during the blade preliminary design phase is required. As flutter measurement is impossible in real turbines, controlled flutter tests on simplified experimental models must be used. However, experimental flutter testing facilities are rare. This paper reports on a flutter test rig enhancement to transonic flow and numerical data validation of aerodynamic stability in a linear turbine blade cascade. Aerodynamic forces and moments are estimated for different boundary conditions at pure bending, pure torsion and combined modes. The results are compared to numerical simulations performed using commercial code ANSYS CFX. Good agreement between the experiment and the numerical simulations proved a successful validation of the numerical tool.


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