15th European Conference on Turbomachinery Fluid dynamics & Thermodynamics

Paper ID:


Main Topic:

Axial Turbines



Fatih Uncu  - Safran Helicopter Engines; ONERA
Benjamin François - ONERA
Raphaël Barrier - ONERA
Nicolas Buffaz - Safran Helicopter Engines
Sébastien Le-Guyader - Safran Helicopter Engines


In a turbomachinery, gaps separate mobile and fixed parts of the hub. In the case of a turbine, often a purge flow is blown through these gaps in order to seal and avoid hot gas to penetrate deep in the turbine disk components and over-solicit them. The interaction of this purge flow with the main flow creates and amplifies vortex structures, responsible for pressure losses. Accurately predicting the aerodynamic losses could allow the design of an efficient cavity geometry and the choice of a purge mass flow that minimises the losses while ensuring the sealing of the cavity. The Boussinesq approximation fails in such flows where a high turbulence level and anisotropy are present. Therefore, in RANS, the use of two-equation linear eddy-viscosity turbulence models is questionable. The present work proposes to assess a second order Reynolds Stress model as well as two eddy-viscosity models in a linear turbine cascade with an upstream cavity from which a purge flow emanates. The specificity of the cascade is the high external turbulence intensity (6%) which is all the more challenging in a RANS approach. Different purge mass flows and three configurations are evaluated: two with different cavities and one without any. The RANS simulations are compared to experimental data and high fidelity large eddy simulations. The RANS RSM simulation shows the best agreement with the measurements and all the RANS models show the same trends: the presence of a cavity induces additional pressure losses; increasing the purge mass flow helps to seal the cavity entry but nourishes the passage vortex and thus leads to additional losses. Finally, the high external turbulence intensity distinguishes the RSM model which accurately reproduces the vortex structures while eddy-viscosity models over-predict the turbulent diffusion.


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