15th European Conference on Turbomachinery Fluid dynamics & Thermodynamics

Paper ID:


Main Topic:

Heat Transfer & Cooling


Michael van de Noort  - University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Peter Ireland - University of Oxford, United Kingdom


Double-Wall Effusion Cooling schemes present an opportunity for aeroengine designers to achieve high overall cooling effectiveness and convective cooling efficiency in High Pressure Turbine components with reduced coolant usage compared to conventional cooling technologies. This is accomplished by combining impingement, pin-fin and effusion cooling. Optimising these cooling schemes is crucial to ensuring that cooling is achieved sufficiently at high heat-flux regions and not over-used at low heat-flux ones. Due to the high number of design variables employed in these systems, optimisation through the use of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations can be a computationally costly and time-consuming process. This study makes use of a Low Order Flow Network Model (LOM), which has been developed, validated and presented previously, to quickly assesses the pressure, temperature, mass flow and heat flow distributions through a Double-Wall Effusion Cooling scheme. Results generated by the LOM are used to rapidly produce an ideal cooling system design through the use of an Evolutionary Genetic Algorithm (GA) optimisation process. The objective is to minimise the coolant mass flow whilst maintaining acceptable metal cooling effectiveness around the external surface of the blade, and ensuring that the Backflow Margin for all film holes is above a selected threshold. For comparison, a Kriging model based optimisation using CFD simulations in ANSYS Workbench is also conducted. Results for both the reduction of coolant mass flow and the total optimisation runtime are analysed alongside those from the LOM, demonstrating the benefit of rapid low order solving techniques.

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